Pamukkale – the Cotton Castle – an exceptional natural complex

Travertine hot springs at Pamukkale (Cotton Castle) in Turkey

Pamukkale (Turkish for “Cotton Castle”) is a beautiful natural complex of unique hot springs and terraces, located in southwestern Turkey, near the Denizli city, in the River Menderes valley, which has a temperate climate for most of the year. Pamukkale’s terraces are made of travertine (hard sediments of carbonate minerals deposited by the flowing water). There are 17 hot water springs in which the temperature ranges from 35°C (95 °F) to 100 °C (212 °F). The underground volcanic activity at the site is causing hot springs with mineral water. During…

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